Background – North Korea 背景ー北朝鮮
North Korea (the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea – DPRK) had suffered massive destruction during the Korean War (1950-53). As Stephen Hugh Lee notes in his book The Korean War, on one day alone, 23,000 gallons of napalm had been dropped on Pyongyang.
The North Korean countryside during the Korean War
The desire for labour to support the DPRK’s immensely ambitious economic development plans is believed to be one reason for Kim Il-Sung’s announcement in September 1958 that his country would welcome the “return” of compatriots from Japan.