The Exodus to North Korea Museum

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Background – North Korea 背景ー北朝鮮

North Korea (the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea – DPRK) had suffered massive destruction during the Korean War (1950-53). As Stephen Hugh Lee notes in his book The Korean War, on one day alone, 23,000 gallons of napalm had been dropped on Pyongyang.

North Korea during the Korean War

 The North Korean countryside during the Korean War


The desire for labour to support the DPRK’s immensely ambitious economic development plans is believed to be one reason for Kim Il-Sung’s announcement in September 1958 that his country would welcome the “return” of compatriots from Japan.

The Chollima (Flying Horse) was used as a symbol of North Korea's development plans

The Dream: The Chollima (Flying Horse) symbolized the DPRK's economic plan

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